Phan Boi Chau Memorial House
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Phan Boi Chau is a patriotic activist who is widely known in Japan, particularly best known through the "Go East" (Dong Du) Movement. During his time in Japan, Phan Boi Chau was not only supported by Japanese political leaders, but also locals who contributed to accelerate and support his activities.

Phan Boi Chau Memorial Area in Hue is located right on the street bearing his name at 119 Phan Boi Chau Street, Truong An Ward, Hue City. The relic was ranked at the national level by the Ministry of Culture and Information (now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) under Decision No. 575/QD-VH dated 14/5/1990.

In the past, this was where Phan Boi Chau lived in the last years of his life (1925 under the loose confinement of the French colonialists. With affection and respect, Mr. Phan Boi Chau is called with the beloved name "Old Man of Ngu Harbor".

The Phan Boi Chau Memorial House consist of the great patriot's tomb, exhibition house where memorabilia are displayed, reconstructed house and  memorial stele of Vietnam - Japan relation donated by some kind-hearted Japanese people on 100th death anniversary of Doctor Asaba Shakitaro. The friendship of Mr. Asaba Shakitaro and Vietnamese patriot Phan Boi Chau is a glamorous proof for Vietnam - Japan relation in the Twentieth century. 

On March 4 afternoon, Japanese Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko visited Phan Boi Chau Memorial House located in Truong An ward, Hue city.


Japanese Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko were very happy to visit Phan Boi Chau Memorial House and meet Mr. Phan Thieu Cat - the 3rd generation descendant of Phan Boi Chau. On this visit, Japanese Emperor and Empress have chance to get to know about Phan Boi Chau life, his friends and comrades who were by his side to fight for the only goal national independence.


Phan Boi Chau (1867 - 1940) was a patriot, writer, "angel", one of the leaders in the patriotic and revolutionary movement of Vietnam in the early twentieth century.

After many years abroad to find a way to save the country, in June 1925, Mr. Phan Boi Chau was arrested by the French colonialists in Shanghai (China) and sentenced to life in prison but before the pressure of the people's struggle to ask for amnesty, forcing the French colonialists to send Mr. Phan to confinement in Hue.

With the love and respect for Mr. Phan, the people of the whole country and Thua Thien Hue voluntarily donated to buy a garden at this Ben Ngu slope to house him.

Here, Mr. Phan Boi Chau lived and worked in the last years of his life (1925 and also his last resting place. Despite being under strict control, the French colonialists and their minions still did not overcome the patriotism and revolutionary will of Mr. Phan Boi Chau. This is also a place to gather young people, elite intellectuals, with progressive ideas and revolutionary enlightenment. Many later became the core cadres of the Party: comrade Nguyen Chi Dieu, Phan Dang Luu, Hai Trieu (Nguyen Khoa Van), Vo Nguyen Giap...

The image of "Old man of Ngu Harbor" with the last 15 years of Phan Boi Chau's life has been imprinted in the affection and gratitude of the people of Hue and the whole country, a shining example of patriotism and revolutionary will for generations of Vietnamese people today and tomorrow to study and follow.


Phan Boi Chau Memorial Area in Hue has major clusters of works, including: The house at the time of Phan Boi Chau's life, Phan Boi Chau Tomb, Phan Boi Chau Cathedral, Worship Hall, Phan Boi Chau Statue, Phan Boi Chau Cemetery...

- His house on Ben Ngu slope: Phan Boi Chau's house was built in 1926, designed by him, Mr. Vo Liem Son - teacher of Quoc Hoc school led the construction. The house has three compartments, symbolizing the three regions (North, Central, South), leaves roofed the house, and the ground wall is relatively high and airy. In the middle is the square space to give a speech. There are separate rooms around.

- Phan Boi Chau's tomb: Phan Boi Chau's tomb is located in the middle of the garden. After his death (October (29/10/1940) 1940), with the money of the people in the country, Huynh Thuc Khang stood out to build the tomb and temple.

The tomb has a length of 7m, a width of 5m, has 5 steps of 0,8m high, about 1m from the front of the tomb is a stele 1,8m high and 0,8m wide, on the surface of the stele there is a song "Tu Minh" in Chinese written by Mr.Phan in 1934.

The content of "Tu Minh" is as follows:
This is my eternal home, when I die I must be buried here, later must follow the instructions
It is forbidden to follow the burial ceremony, build tomb and temple in accordance with the custom.
It is forbidden to make funeral offerings in a fictitious way.
It is forbidden to tell anyone to mourn in a fictitious way.
My friends need not to know about the news of my death, just to remember it. All those who follow my heart, only follow the narrative, and nothing else is needed.
Lunar calendar year of the Dog, date ... month...
Western calendar year 1943 date ... month...

(Translated by Prof. Chuong Thau)

- Phan Boi Chau temple: Built by Huynh Thuc Khang in 1941 with the remaining money. The temple was built on the right side of the house, which was formerly a three-block house with brick walls and tile roofs.

- Ancestral temple was built from April 1955 to 1956. Ancestral temple is a large, massive tile house, about 8m high, yin-yang tile roof, facing the tomb of Phan Boi Chau. From the front the ancestral temple there is a sign that reads "Ancestral temple of the martyrs and Mr. Phan Boi Chau".

Currently, the ancestral temple is used as a place to display about 150 artifacts and documents about the life and revolutionary activities of Phan Boi Chau.

Since 1987, the relic has added a bronze statue of Phan Boi Chau by sculptor Le Thanh Nhon in 1973 with the participation of students of the College of Culture & Fine Arts. This is the largest type of head in Southeast Asia (with a height of about 4,5m, 2,5m thick and 3,5m wide, made of 13 copper pieces weighing 7 tons). Since 2012, in order to promote the artistic value in the education of patriotism, the statue has been moved to the banks of the Perfume River, near Truong Tien Bridge at 19 Le Loi, a worthy position in the heart of the ancient capital of Hue.

In addition,there is also the cemetery named Phan Boi Chau. This is a 4.000m2, campus, located on Quang Te hill, now located at 5 Thanh Hai street, Truong An ward, Hue city near Nam Giao esplanade. The cemetery land was purchased by Phan Boi Chau at the same time as the land for the house at Ben Ngu slope. In 1934, he set up a standard for people to be buried here. In the cemetery there are now more than 20 graves of patriotic revolutionaries such as: comrade Nguyen Chi Dieu, female doctor Dam Phuong, writer Hai Trieu (Nguyen Khoa Van), poet Thanh Hai (Pham Ba Ngoan), martyr Le Tu Nhien,...

Along with the main relics, in the garden area of Phan Boi Chau's house on Ben Ngu slope, there are a number of other relics such as: Tu Tang Bat Ho tomb, Phan Nghi De's grandparents tomb (son and daughter-in-law of Phan Boi Chau), the stele of the Vietnam-Japan exchange relationship from the Dong Du movement, Le Thi Dan stele, Ky stele, Va stele, wells...

Artistic Value:

Today, Phan Boi Chau Memorial Area in Hue is managed by Thua Thien Hue History Museum. The relic is opened on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays to welcome visitors near and far to visit along with other historical and cultural relic systems such as Thuan Hoa bookstore (95c Phan Dang Luu, Dong Ba ward); Nine tunnels historical relic (112 Thien Thai street, An Tay ward, Hue city)...

In 2017, Phan Boi Chau Memorial Area in Hue was one of the attractions of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko during their visit to Vietnam. It can be said that the relationship between Vietnam and Japan originated from the Dong Du movement. It was Mr. Phan who started this movement from 1905 to 1909.

Currently, this place has become an address for cultural and educational activities for local people, as well as domestic and foreign tourists to study.

Agencies, units and schools that need to visit, contact Thua Thien Hue History Museum (No 1 23 August Street, Hue City) via phone number: 0234 3522 397 or 0234 3548 609.

Hue City - where Phan Boi Chau took his first steps on the journey to save the country and also where the patriot lived through the last years of his life. The relics of Phan Boi Chau today are still preserved and promote great historical and cultural values and are an extremely valuable heritage.